Here is Stork’s Bill or Pine Needle (Erodium texanum) found here on Flying Hat. It is an annual herb, member of the Geranium family, most of which are found in Europe and South Africa [C. and L. Loughmiller, Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide, p. 104; H. Irwin and M. Wills, Roadside Flowers of Texas, pp. 140-41.]
These Indian Paintbrushes are uncommon on Flying Hat. I found most of these in the Pecan Tree Pasture and not many of them. The Blue Place, the family to the east of us, has a field that is quite loaded with the paintbrushes. I have a photograph of the Blue field and will post it in the future.
This vetch, Purple Vetch (Vicia dasycarpa), is not the poisonous variety. Notice the bee that is pollen-gathering. The spring rains have been so abundant that the vetch is knee-high in my fields and the Blue Place, to the east of us, has vetch that is chest-high as it climbs on the field fence. As I say, this is not the poisonous variety and the bees love to gather pollen from it.
This is a photograph of the poisonous variety of vetch that we do not have on the ranch. From Irwin and Wills, Roadside Flowers of Texas, p. 138: “Of the nearly 1000 species of Astragalus, over 200 occur in the United States, about 35 of them in Texas. The members of the genus that are poisonous to livestock are called Locoweeds, while the harmless ones are known as Milk-vetches. In the former category is the Woolly Loco of the Panhandle and Trans-Pecos area, a tufted, soft-hairy, deeply rooted perennial with dense racemes of purplish flowers in the late spring. Quite innocuous looking to the eye, the Woolly Loco is among the ‘early risers’ in the spring, and so tempts cattle, even though its taste is so disagreeable that they normally avoid it. Later, in periods of drought when grasses succumb, the persistent Woolly Loco remains, seemingly unaffected. Nor are browsing animals the only ones concerned. The nectar contains poisonous substances, sometimes causing decimation of bee populations.”
In talking with Roland Stroebel today, my colleague at the college who tends Angus cattle, our non-poisonous Purple Vetch is abundant on his place also, but does not cause a problem for his browsing livestock. Roland’s ranch is south of Cisco, Texas, and his family goes back several generations.